OctoberAcquired: Received as a gift Format: Paperback, pages Review: A culinary biography of Queen Victoria and a history of attitudes toward food, cooking and dining in the Victorian era.
The Central Pacific began laying track eastward from Sacramento, California inand the Union Pacific started laying track westward from Omaha, Nebraska, two years later in July, To meet its manpower needs, the Central Pacific hired thousands of Chinese laborersincluding many recruited from farms in Canton.
The crew had the formidable task of laying the track crossing California's rugged Sierra Nevada mountain range and had to blast fifteen tunnels to accomplish this. The crew of the Union Pacific, which was composed largely of Irish immigrants and Civil War veterans, had to contend with Indian attacks and the Rocky Mountains.
On May 10,after completing 1, miles, 4, feet 2, Courtesy Martin Gregor and Bruce C. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited.
As second in command of the most formidable engineering project of the 19th century, Lewis M. Clement was in charge of locating and constructing the first transcontinental railroad over California's Sierra Nevada Mountains, including blasting the Summit Tunnel through 1, feet of solid granite using black power, and building 40 miles of Snowsheds to keep the track clear during winter blizzards.
Then, at one in the morning on May 3,a great, noisy crumbling took place at the east facing, and light from torches in the west could be seen flickering through the dust.
The Summit had been pierced. The Sierras had been bested. With torchbearers stationed every few yards in the 1,foot bore, Clement began his first series of observations in the damp and eerie tunnel.
During the preceding two years' work he and his assistants had been measuring under conditions never taught about in engineering schools. They had made their calculations under poor visibility on a wildly uneven tunnel floor, plotting a bore not only divided into four distinct parts, but one that had to gradually rise, descend, and curve as it penetrated from west to east.
As Clement finished his measurements and worked out the geometric statistics at a rude desk near the tunnel mouth, he found his most fervent prayers answered. Summit Tunnel's four bores fitted together almost perfectly, with a total error in true line of less than two inches.
The seemingly impossible had been achieved. The longest tunnel anyone had cut through natural granite, cut at a daunting altitude in an abominable climate, had been bored by a small army of Chinese thousands of miles from their ancestral home.
The Sierras were truly breached and In February,Clement was appointed as one of four members of the Special U.
Clement went on to design and build also using Chinese laborers the Southern Pacific Railroad line from Sacramento to Los Angeles via the San Joaquin Valleyand also worked on many urban and cable car lines. Among his works in the area was the design of the cable car turntable at the foot of Market Street in San Francisco.Each one of these things, though very different, has one thing in common – Lester B.
Pearson who was Canada’s 14th Prime Minister. We will write a custom essay sample on Any topic specifically for you For Only $/page. Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
Lester B. Pearson had a huge role during this time, working at a fast pass to try to stop it as well as supporting the countries in need.
In the end, Canada’s hard work and devotion payed off.
Lester B. Pearson as well as Canadian’s, strongly supported peacekeeping, which helped create and improve Canada’s reputation. Lester B. Pearson was born on April 23, in a Toronto hospital and died on December 27, at the age of Pearson was an important contributor to Canadian history because he demonstrated peace to the world, he contributed to the Suez Crisis of , and he helped establish Canada's reputation as a great peacekeeper.
Current issue: AUGUST (To read all these articles and more, subscribe to the print or electronic editions) We love our Upper Valley bands.
When it comes to the Washington music scene, Seattle may be the first thing that comes to mind for the average music lover. Essay on The Legacy of Lester Pearson - Lester B. Pearson has made many accomplishments throughout his life.
He was the representative from Canada in the United Nations. He was the prime minister of Canada through During his time of being Prime Minister, and even before, he has impacted Canada quite strongly.