He emphasized style, a fascination with surfaces, and atmosphere over traditional science-fiction tropes.
Clockpunk portrays Renaissance-era science and technology based on pre-modern designs, in the vein of Mainspring by Jay Lake and Whitechapel Gods by S.
Although it is a fairly recent derivative,  it is a style that is visually very similar to the New Romantic movement of the s particularly such groups as Adam and the Ants. Sterling used the term to describe his book The Zenith Anglewhich follows the story of a hacker whose life is changed by the September 11, attacks.
In an interview  at CoyoteCon, steampunk author Sara M. Harvey made the distinctions "shinier than dieselpunk, more like decopunk", and "Dieselpunk is a gritty version of steampunk set in the s—s.
The big war eras, specifically.
Decopunk is the sleek, shiny very art deco version; same time period, but everything is chrome! The Animated Series which included neo-noir elements along with modern elements such as the use of VHS cassettes. Atompunk[ edit ] Atompunk sometimes called "atomicpunk" relates to the pre-digital short twentieth centuryspecifically the period of —, including mid-century Modernismthe Atomic AgeJet Age and Space AgeCommunism and concern about it exaggerated as paranoia in the U.
Steelpunk[ edit ] Steelpunk focuses on the technologies that had their heyday in the late 20th century. Cyberprep[ edit ] Cyberprep is a term with a very similar meaning to postcyberpunk. The word is an amalgam of the prefix "cyber-", referring to cyberneticsand " preppy ", reflecting its divergence from the punk elements of cyberpunk.
A cyberprep world assumes that all the technological advancements of cyberpunk speculation have taken place but life is utopian rather than gritty and dangerous. An example would be Scott Westerfeld's Uglies series. Other proposed fantastic derivatives[ edit ] Elfpunk[ edit ] Elfpunk is subgenre of urban fantasy in which traditional mythological creatures such as faeries and elves are transplanted from rural folklore into modern urban settings and has been seen in books since the s including works such as War of the Oaks by Emma Bull, Gossamer Axe by Gael Baudino, and The Iron Dragons' Daughter by Michael Swanwick.
During the awards ceremony for the National Book Awardsjudge Elizabeth Partridge expounded on the distinction between elfpunk and urban fantasyciting fellow judge Scott Westerfeld's thoughts on the works of Holly Black who is considered "classic elfpunk—there's enough creatures already, and she's using them.
Valente uses the term "mythpunk" to describe a subgenre of mythic fiction which starts in folklore and myth and adds elements of postmodern literary techniques. As the - punk appendage implies,  mythpunk is subversive. It confronts, instead of conforms, to societal norms.
The use of folklore is especially important because folklore is "often a battleground between subversive and conservative forces" and a medium for constructing new societal norms. Through postmodern literary techniques, mythpunk authors change the structures and traditions of folklore, "negotiating—and validating—different norms".
Valente's novel Deathless is a good example of mythpunk, drawing from classic Russian folklore to tell the tale of Koshchei the Deathless from a female perspective. It could be considered a more extreme version of swordpunk where society is pushed further back and technology centuries forward, coexisting feudal kingdoms and sword fights with gene recombination, AI and such.Through years of advancements in the world, technology has become greatest aspect.
The development of technology by incorporating the human mind and culture has brought about a new era. These are the criteria of cyberpunk literature, in which William Gibson's "Johnny Mnemonic" is a good example of cyberpunk literature.
William Gibson: Father Of Cyberpunk "The sky above the port was the color of television, tuned to a dead channel." (Gibson, 3). With that opening line William Gibson begins the journey into the new genre of science fiction known as cyberpunk. The following entry presents criticism on the representation of cyberpunk in world short fiction literature; for discussion of cyberpunk literature in the twentieth century, see TCLC, Volume Cyberpunk is nonetheless regarded as a successful genre, as it ensnared many new readers and provided the sort of movement that postmodern literary critics found alluring.
Furthermore, author David Brin argues, cyberpunk made science fiction more attractive and profitable for mainstream media and the visual arts in general. Immediately download the Cyberpunk summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more - everything you need for studying or .
“Literature of Exhaustion” was about the need for a new era in literature after modernism had exhausted itself. In “Literature of Replenishment” Barth says, My ideal Postmodernist author neither merely repudiates nor merely imitates either his twentieth-century Modernist parents or his nineteenth-century premodernist grandparents.