Nicholas Silins Cornell University About this topic Summary Dogmatism about perceptual justification is named after the response to external-world skepticism that it recommends. When the skeptic claims that perception cannot justify beliefs about the external world, the dogmatist thinks it is reasonable to reply that simply having a visual experience can give one reason to believe one's eyes, even without having independent justification to think there is an external world.
Essay on Hinduism and Buddhism Article shared by: Buddhism emerged from the depth of the ancient Aryan spiritual faith. The principles which Buddha propounded were already there in one form or the other in the ancient scriptures of the Hindus. In the words of Mr. He challenged the systems where they deviated from original intentions and laid the greatest emphasis on the principles of absolute morality, purity, virtue, equality and human values which the ancient seers had preached but the later society did not observe.
The Brahmanical order did not object to the tenets of Buddha, because Hinduism was too liberal to accommodate all types of higher opinion within its all pervading fold.
But, at the same time, the priestly class, which depended on rigid religious practices, could not like the Buddhist opposition to the existing social organisation and orthodox religious life of the people. As a result, the gulf between the two widened.
It is believed that Buddha perhaps did not think of himself as the founder of a new religion. At the most, he might have thought of himself as a reformer.
But, his personality was too unique and his messages were most powerful. While accepting the basic principles on the ancient Aryan thought, he exposed and attacked the evils which had dominated it, and campaigned for a total change for the better.
His daring attack on the priestly supremacy in religious and social life of the people made him a hero among his countrymen. And his sermons on the noble existence of man drew princes and paupers to his feet.
It was natural, thus that the old orthodox order looked at Buddhism with apprehension, even if the Brahmins themselves felt attracted towards Buddha and his noble path. Ultimately, the Buddhist movements became wide-spread because of his moral impact on popular mind.
When emperor Ashoka championed the cause of Buddhism, the religion of Buddha stood on its high principles of purity and was practiced by the people as a code of moral conduct. As the dimension of Buddhism began to grow, the character of the religion also began to change.
Inside, India, it tended to come nearer to the popular religion of the Hindus. About the beginning of the Christian era, when the Mahayana form of Buddhism appeared, many changes took place in the older system. The Buddhist monarch Kanishka championed the cause of the Mahayana Buddhism which began to spread outside.
In course of time, Tibet, China and Japan came under the Mahayana system.
It was the Mahayana Buddhism in which Buddha was made into a God and the people were taught to offer their devotion to Buddha as the God. And to satisfy the need of the people, images of Buddha as a God appeared in India, in Gandhara and in every other Mahayana countries like Tibet, China and Japan.
It was an irony of time that Buddha who did not pay any regard to the Fatherhood of God, became a God Himself and came to be worshipped as such.
It is this change which brought Buddhism nearer to Hinduism as time passed. Be it noted that from the time of Buddha in Sixth century B.
In further course of time, Buddhism remained as the religion of the vast masses of the Asian people, whereas the people of India abandoned it. The reason for this has been a subject of learned discussion.
According to some scholars, Buddhism died a natural death in India because India has a strange genius to absorb other faiths. Since Buddhism was a product of the ancient thought of the Aryan seers, as propounded in the Upanishads, the inner philosophies of the two religions could act and react in mental spheres for unity.
The newness, which was most prominent in the earlier form of Buddhism in religious practices, gradually weakened in later days.
The Mahayana form of Buddhism appeared nearer to Brahmanical system in several ways. When the Mahayana Buddhism made Buddha into God.
Brahmanic Hinduism made Buddha an Avatar of Vishnu.The Role of Religion in the Middle East. The three states that will be examined in this paper are Israel, Iran, and Iraq: a Jewish state, a non-Arab Muslim state, and an Arab Muslim state.
Essay on Hinduism and Buddhism. the character of the religion also began to change.
Inside, India, it tended to come nearer to the popular religion of the Hindus. In essence, it was the Indian liberalism, not dogmatism, which saw the amalgamation of Buddhism with Hinduism. This amalgamation widened and strengthened the base of Indian. For the purpose of this essay, such religious belief will be called “dogmatism.” The ever expanding availability of modern communication and transportation has brought people with disparate ways of life, cultural practices, and beliefs into increasing contact with one another.
Therefore, Bokononism offers the comforting illusion of meaning and purpose without inspiring the violent religious dogmatism that sometimes characterizes the practitioners of other religions. Essentially, Bokononism is an extremely passive religion, and one can hardly imagine Bokononists actively organizing a violent crusade in the name of.
Meaning of Religion: Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings. It is the human response to those elements in the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension.
Religion is pre-eminently social and is found in nearly all societies. With a pejorative sense, dogmatism has the propensity to give to its principles, visions or arguments an affirmative character, imperious, peremptory, rigid, not allowing discussion.
For Voltaire nothing is as dangerous as the certainty of being right.