Compositions, children, biography and more facts about the great composer Johann Sebastian Bach's music lives on today thanks to his amazing catalogue of concertos, choral, organ and keyboard works - but what happened during his lifetime? Take a look at our top facts about the composer. When is Bach's birthday?
Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. Although he was admired by his contemporaries primarily as an outstanding harpsichordist, organist, and expert on organ building, Bach is now generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time and is celebrated as the creator of the Brandenburg ConcertosThe Well-Tempered Clavierthe Mass in B Minor, and numerous other masterpieces of church and instrumental music.
Appearing at a propitious moment in the history of musicBach was able to survey and bring together the principal styles, forms, and national traditions that had developed during preceding generations and, by virtue of his synthesis, enrich them all.
There were Bachs in the area before then, and it may be that, when Veit moved to Wechmar, he was returning to his birthplace. He used to take his cittern to the mill and play it while the mill was grinding.
However, he learnt to keep time, and this apparently was the beginning of music in our family. Life Early years J. Ambrosius was a string player, employed by the town council and the ducal court of Eisenach.
Johann Sebastian started school in or and did well in spite of frequent absences. Of his musical education at this time, nothing definite is known; however, he may have picked up the rudiments of string playing from his father, and no doubt he attended the Georgenkirche, where Johann Christoph Bach was organist until By both his parents were dead, and he was looked after by his eldest brother, also named Johann Christoph —organist at Ohrdruf.
This Christoph had been a pupil of the influential keyboard composer Johann Pachelbeland he apparently gave Johann Sebastian his first formal keyboard lessons. He seems to have returned to Thuringia in the late summer of By this time he was already a reasonably proficient organist.
The next few months are wrapped in mystery, but by March 4,he was a member of the orchestra employed by Johann Ernst, duke of Weimar and brother of Wilhelm Ernst, whose service Bach entered in This post was a mere stopgap; he probably already had his eye on the organ then being built at the Neue Kirche New Church in Arnstadtfor, when it was finished, he helped to test it, and in August he was appointed organist—all this at age Arnstadt documents imply that he had been court organist at Weimar; this is incredible, though it is likely enough that he had occasionally played there.
The Arnstadt period At Arnstadt, on the northern edge of the Thuringian Forestwhere he remained untilBach devoted himself to keyboard music, the organ in particular.
His visit must have been profitable, for he did not return until about the middle of January In February his employers complained about his absence and about other things as well: Perhaps the real reasons for his neglect were that he was temporarily obsessed with the organ and was on bad terms with the local singers and instrumentalists, who were not under his control and did not come up to his standards.
In the summer of he had made some offensive remark about a bassoon player, which led to an unseemly scuffle in the street. His replies to these complaints were neither satisfactory nor even accommodating; and the fact that he was not dismissed out of hand suggests that his employers were as well aware of his exceptional ability as he was himself and were reluctant to lose him.
During these early years, Bach inherited the musical culture of the Thuringian area, a thorough familiarity with the traditional forms and hymns chorales of the orthodox Lutheran service, and, in keyboard music, perhaps through his brother, Johann Christoph a bias toward the formalistic styles of the south.
But he also learned eagerly from the northern rhapsodists, Buxtehude above all. By he had probably learned all that his German predecessors could teach him and arrived at a first synthesis of northern and southern German styles.
He had also studied, on his own and during his presumed excursions to Celle, some French organ and instrumental music. His real reason for resigning on June 25,is not known. It is generally supposed that he had become involved in a theological controversy between his own pastor Frohne and Archdeacon Eilmar of the Marienkirche.
At all events, his resignation was accepted, and shortly afterward he moved to Weimarsome miles west of Jena on the Ilm River. The Weimar period Bach was, from the outset, court organist at Weimar and a member of the orchestra.
Encouraged by Wilhelm Ernst, he concentrated on the organ during the first few years of his tenure. From Weimar, Bach occasionally visited Weissenfels; in February he took part in a court celebration there that included a performance of his first secular cantata, Was mir behagt, also called the Hunt Cantata BWV On March 2,he became concertmaster, with the duty of composing a cantata every month.
The latter was a talented composer who wrote concerti in the Italian manner, some of which Bach arranged for keyboard instruments ; the boy died inin his 19th year.
There are too few datable works. From the series of cantatas written in —16, however, it is obvious that he had been decisively influenced by the new styles and forms of the contemporary Italian opera and by the innovations of such Italian concerto composers as Antonio Vivaldi.
The results of this encounter can be seen in such cantatas as No. His favourite forms appropriated from the Italians were those based on refrain ritornello or da capo schemes in which wholesale repetition—literal or with modifications—of entire sections of a piece permitted him to create coherent musical forms with much larger dimensions than had hitherto been possible.
He was then succeeded by his son, who was rather a nonentity. The exact circumstances are not known, but Marchand avoided the contest by leaving Dresden a few hours before it should have taken place.
By implicationBach won. Perhaps this emboldened him to renew his request for permission to leave Weimar; at all events he did so but in such terms that the duke imprisoned him for a month November 6—December 2.
The Brandenburg Concertos were finished by March 24, ; in the sixth concerto—so it has been suggested—Bach bore in mind the technical limitations of the prince, who played the gamba.
And he found time to compile pedagogical keyboard works:Johann Sebastian Bach was born into a musically gifted family and was devoted to music throughput his childhood and adult years.
He was taught by his father and later by his brother Johann Christoph, and was a boy soprano in Luneberg. Johann sebastian bach life summary essay. Johann sebastian bach life summary essay. 5 Peer editing analytical essay introduction trust thyself transcendentalism essay phd no dissertation a cause and effect essay about pollution and control law justice and miscommunications essays in legal philosophy of juan dissertation significato.
This brief historical introduction to Bach explores the social, political and religious factors that formed the original context of his life and work, and considers how those factors affected the way he .
Life Early years. J.S. Bach was the youngest child of Johann Ambrosius Bach and Elisabeth Lämmerhirt. Ambrosius was a string player, employed by the town council and the ducal court of benjaminpohle.com Sebastian started school in or and did well in spite of frequent absences.
- Johann Sebastian Bach Student’s Name University Affiliation Johann Sebastian Bach ( ) Young Life Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer, said to be one of the best organists of his time (Baroque Music). Johann Sebastian Bach (b. Eisenach, ; d. Leipzig, ) Born into a musical family, Bach received his earliest instruction from his father.
After his father's death in , Bach moved to Ohrdruf, where he lived and studied organ with his older brother Johann Christoph. He also received an education at schools in Eisenach, Ohrdruf, and.