It has no counterpart in Holinshed's Chronicles, Shakespeare's source material for the play, but is solely the bard's invention.
Explanatory notes below for Act 1, Scene 5 From Macbeth. Line numbers have been altered. It is unnecessary to repeat here what has been said in the Introduction as to the character of Lady Macbeth; but we may note the striking fashion in which that character is revealed to us.
The lady enters reading a letter in which her husband tells of his encounter with the witches, and of their prophetic greeting. He has already made inquiries as to the witches, and has learned that their prophecies always come true.
It is interesting to note that there is no suggestion in the letter of any criminal attempt to hasten the fulfilment of the oracle. Macbeth must have written while in the same mood of half-formed resolve to bide his time that marks the close of scene 3.
But Lady Macbeth has no intention of waiting for chance to crown her.
She prefers "the nearest way," that of speedy and violent action. As yet she knows nothing of the obstacle which the proclamation of Malcolm as heir-apparent puts between Macbeth and the crown. The only obstacle she sees lies in the character of her husband.
He is ambitious, but is unwilling to play false to attain the objects of his ambition.
Yet she is so sure of her influence over him that she prays he may return speedily, in order that she may inspire him to action and drive out any scruples that may bar the way to his goal.
Macbeth is, as it were, stunned by her decision. He has, indeed, meditated the murder of his master; but he has by no means decided upon it, and he would like more time for consideration.
His wife, however, cuts the scene short, bidding him show a friendly face to his royal guest and leave all the rest to her. From the abruptness with which the scene begins, we must fancy that Lady Macbeth has already read a part of the letter before she comes on the stage.
Perhaps, when she came to the prophecy of the witches, she felt that she must be alone, and withdrew from the hall of the castle to the chamber in which the scene takes place. Lady Macbeth knows her husband well enough to feel sure that, however brave he is on the field of battle, he will hesitate to commit a murder.
The illness should attend it, the wickedness, or at least the unscrupulousness, which must go along with ambition, if the ambition is to be gratified.
The passage may then be paraphrased as follows: The accent is on the first syllable. It seems for the moment so impossible that the opportunity for instant action can thus be placed in her hands that Lady Macbeth exclaims that the messenger must be crazy.
The raven, a bird of ill omen. Come, you spirits, etc. Note how Lady Macbeth nerves herself to meet the terrible strain of the coming night. It is plain from line 53 that she means to commit the murder herself.
Note the pause in the line before the invocation begins. Lady Macbeth unconsciously echoes the words of the third witch in i. This ignorant present, either "this present which is ignorant of the glory that awaits it," or "this obscure, inglorious present. The metre of this line is somewhat irregular.
We may scan as follows: Macbeth is still undecided; he can neither accept nor reject the situation. His wife, however, does not deign to discuss the matter any further. She only repeats her injunction to beware of showing his thoughts in his face.
We may imagine that Macbeth found some one at Forres who had already had dealings with the witches, and who could assure him of their credibility.Signifying nothing. Tone is a literary technique that is a part of composition, which encompasses the attitudes toward the subject and toward the audience implied in a literary work.
Meanwhile, on their way to the king’s castle, Macbeth and Banquo happen upon the three witches, now reconvened in the heath, while thunder cracks and rumbles.
Analysis of My Last Duchess - ‘My Last Duchess’ is a poem written by Robert Browning in It’s a first person narrative of a duke who is showing the ambassador around his palace and negotiating his marriage to the daughter of another powerful family.
By using the verb “to do” it also adds to Macbeths reluctance to commit the murder because he just wants to get the deed over with. We will write a custom essay sample on Literary Analysis of Macbeth specifically for you. This speech takes place in act 5, scene 5 after the death of Macbeth's wife.
Macbeth is hardly affected by her passing, and his soliloquy reveals his true feelings about her death. In lines of the soliloquy we learn of Macbeth's lack of sorrow over his wife's death.
A single inconclusive speech in the fifth act is our warrant for concluding that his affection for his wife has materially declined. A single exclamation of four words "I would thou couldst!" is the sum of the evidence we possess that he repented even momentarily of any one of his murders.